The composition of food is given per 100 grams of edible matter, except for alcoholic beverages, for which the composition is per 100 millilitres.

In the 2022 update, the composition of foods is also reported by portion.

Definitions and explanations of the data included in the database are reported in the following sections.

The present database version includes updated data in 2022, in 2015, in 2008 and also outdated data (Salvini et al., 1998). The updates mainly differ for the different number of food components and for some difference in the coding and presentation of data. These differences are reported in each section.

Exceptions to the definitions reported below are reported in the food forms. We apologise in advance for any possible omission users may find.